For Tips And Tips On Cell Phones You Need, Read This

Cell phones can often be rather tricky if you’re not sure how to use them. The majority of people can make a call using a cell phone but haven’t a clue as to the other functions of the phone. This article will give you a better understanding of everything cell phone related.

If you drop your cell phone into liquid, do not assume that it is no longer any good and toss it away. The first thing to try is to take out the battery and put the device into a container of rice. This facilitates absorption of moisture that has gotten in your device.

If you are using LTE or 4G signal, take care when watching a video. Most plans only allow you a certain amount of data transfer every month. Video takes quite a bit and it can add up quickly. If you find yourself often going over, you may want to investigate a new plan.

Try to avoid using information services that come with a charge. Just call 800-441-FREE. You can get the intel you want for free with just listening to an ad.

Be very careful regarding extended warranties. Usually, they aren’t worth the paper they’re printed on. If they are going to occur, problems with a cell phone are likely to show up in the first year while the basic warranty is still in effect. Plus, a lot of individuals get new phones on a yearly basis, so having an extended warranty is not worth it.

Smartphones will start to slow down as they age. Over time, simple things like updating apps may become cumbersome. A lot of the time, you’ll need to make a decision. You have the option of keeping things as they are by not accepting updates, or you can upgrade the phone to stay on top of changes.

When buying a newer cellphone, take time to compare phones in actual physical stores. Hold the phone in your hand, slip it in your pocket and test out the features. By doing this, you will probably find the best phone for you, much easier.

Be sure you truly require a smartphone before purchasing one. They cost quite a bit, but they also offer many different features. The problem is, some people just need a basic phone to make calls with. If you are among them, getting a smart phone just means additional expense initially and on a monthly basis. This may not be a good choice for you.

Never place your phone near water. Dropping a phone in water can ruin it and lose all of your important data. Just keep it away from moisture. Even if you are convinced it will never happen to you, accidents always happen.

Whether you are a novice with cell phones or just hope to pass on some great knowledge to friends, there is plenty to learn. You have seen a glimpse into improving your cell phone experience; however, there is still a lot you may not know. Continue studying the subject, and you will be an expert before you know it.

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Auto Repair Advice You Ought To Know About

Repairing your own car may seem overwhelming initially, but isn’t nearly as hard as you might imagine. If you educate yourself on the topic, it will be beneficial in the long run. The article below is a collection of auto repair tips and tricks just for you.

Before allowing them to repair your vehicle, verify that the mechanic has A.S.E. certification. This certification confirms the the mechanic has a lot of experience working on cars. This means you have the best mechanic performing maintenance on your automobile.

Make sure you often check the radiator. You should let your car run for a few minutes, shut the engine and open your hood. Never open the radiator while the car is on. Use a dipstick to check the radiator’s fluid level, and remember to always mix water in with your coolant if need be. Some coolants come premixed.

You don’t always need a mechanic when you have trouble with your car. Many things can be easily fixed. Research into auto repair online may help you identify the problem. It’s not too hard to do, and you’ll be able to get money saved back to start repairing things.

You car records need to be kept on hand. It’s wise to keep them in your glove compartment in case you need to go to a auto repair shop on the fly. Professional mechanics will ask to review the records. The records can help them determine what is wrong with your car.

Look up reviews online for body shops in your area. This will also allow you to know what the public thinks of how they handle customers and how good they are at solving any problem you may encounter. Use these reviews to eliminate unreliable mechanics and make a list of mechanic you want to contact to get a quote.

Be wary of auto technicians who perform unneeded repairs on your vehicle. A mechanic that’s good will tell you whether or not a pert is beginning to wear out, but they’re not going to replace things without your permission first. Don’t trust a mechanic who has done repairs without asking.

Buy OEM parts. Those are the original parts from the manufacturer. Generic parts may cost less, but they are not as good. What may seem like a deal now can cost twice as much as buying OEM in the first place.

Compare more than 3 estimates so that you can get the best deal on your repair. Most shops are honest, but some are not. Look for mechanics that know the ins and outs of your car. These shops are the best ones to use.

Your wiper blades should never be forgotten about. If your windshield wipers aren’t performing up to par, it may be time for new ones. If you live somewhere that gets rain often, think about replacing your wiper blades yearly.

If you have a bit of basic knowledge, you should see that car repair is not so frightening as it may have once been. Self-reliance can help you avoid paying a mechanic. Keep this information close for the next time you have a car problem.

Cell Phone Tips, Tricks, And Advice To Help You Get The Most From Your Device

Does anyone not have their own cell phone today? There is a chance that most people you know are owners of a device that they use to call people and to surf the Internet so they can be in touch with everything. Keep reading for a number of useful ideas that you need to make the most of cell phones.

Don’t automatically throw your phone away if it was dropped into liquid. What you should do is remove the phone’s battery, and then place your phone in a plastic bag of rice. This will absorb the moisture that has gone into your device.

Don’t think you have to rush to get a phone that’s updated. Before buying a new phone, make sure your investment is worth it. While companies put new phone models out frequently, there are not always too many changes. Look at reviews for any new phone you are considering purchasing. You often won’t.

Don’t waste money calling information. Just call 800-441-FREE. You’ll get the information you’re looking for after you hear a short advertisement.

Smartphones can get slower with age. It is true that downloading updates to the software can help prevent these phones from becoming obsolete. However, as newer models hit the market with faster data uploading, yours will eventually become too slow. The older phones may not be able to get these updates.

If you have a smartphone, you no doubt use it all day long. Make sure you take a few minutes to reset it every so often. Smart phones are similar to computers. A restart clears up memory. You will see a glaring difference immediately.

Smartphones will slow down over time. With time, things like updating apps may become cumbersome. Many times, you will be faced with a decision to make. You can be stubborn and refuse updates, or upgrade the phone to newer versions.

Also go into the store and look at various cell phone models before picking one. Invest time in looking at different models and remember to test their features. This is your best bet for getting home with a phone you are bound to love using.

Your cell phone should never be placed in or near water. This can ruin the quality of your phone. For best results, keep your phone away from any water source. You never know when an accident can occur, so do your best to avoid placing it near water.

Don’t hesitate to give other brands a try even if you’ve always utilized a particular brand in the past. You might like one platform or device, but be open to change. Trying other things might bring you to a different world when it comes to functionality.

If all you do with your phone is make calls, don’t invest in a smartphone. Many people have smartphones, but it’s because they use the Internet. Smartphones cost a lot of money, so if you really don’t need one, go with a standard phone.

In today’s world, cellular phones are everywhere. It’s practically impossible to ever leave home and not see at least one. When you’re trying to learn about cell phones, you need some of the advice like what this article has taught you. Just put what you’ve learned to use.

Buying A Car? Read This To Reduce Stress!

Shopping for a car takes a lot of effort. Lots of people are uninformed about cars. By using these tips, you ensure that you’re getting the best car for your money.

When you are going to buy a car, you need to know ahead of time which features are essential for you in the car. Have a clear picture of what you want, so you can search for the right price as well as the right car for your needs.

Do not let a dealer talk you into buying more car than you can afford. Dealers are great at talking you into something you may regret later. Don’t listen to any rhetoric that goes beyond the car’s shape and its value. Remember that the salesman wants his commission!

Make sure that you work with the dealership to lower the sticker price of the vehicle. Don’t ever pay sticker price for a vehicle. These prices are purposefully high in order to give some money to play around with in order to make a deal.

Check out the maker’s site if you want to customize your car. While the cars on the dealership lot may be the kind of car, you want, a number of car manufacturers give you the opportunity to customize the car a bit with color and features. You may have to wait a few weeks more to get your car, but it might be worth it.

When you are considering buying a used car, always have your mechanic check it out first. You are not a qualified mechanic trained to spot problems or repairs, so you need to take it to a professional. Be prepared to pay $100 or so for this service, but it may end up saving you thousands.

Do not rule a car out because it is lacking certain features you want. For instance, if you do not like the sound system of the car, it can always be changed. It is hard to find a car that has everything exactly the way you want it; just keep an open mind and remember that you can make these changes once the car is yours!

Renting cars is a great way to do your own test drives. If you really desire to get a good feel for your potential vehicle, an extended rental is the way to go. Go on a trip in that car with your family to decide if it fits you well. This is an easy way to get lots of first hand experience with a vehicle before making the purchase commitment.

No doubt, this information helps you feel better equipped to get the right car for you. Use this advice to make getting a car effortless. Get ready to enjoy your new vehicle and the process of acquiring it!

Taliban Asserts Control Of North Waziristan; Tourism Dips

The Taliban has reportedly asserted control of North Waziristan, the famously wild mountainous region of Pakistan that borders Afghanistan. As a result, tourism in the area has taken a decided dip.

As one American tourist commented, “I really like to visit places where television and music are forbidden. I’m also a big fan of summary executions. But, in the case of North Waziristan, I think I’ll make an exception.”

The wifely half of an American couple who enjoy travel in the Middle East, said, “We’re so disappointed. My husband and I were really looking forward to a summer jaunt in North Waziristan. I hear it’s so wonderfully medieval.”

President Pervez Musharraf of Pakistan, an invaluable ally of the United States in the war on terror, affirmed his stance, by saying, “We are determined to find and destroy tourists wherever we find them.” Then he caught his apparent slip of the tongue, and continued, “I’m sorry. I meant to say ‘terrorists,’ not ‘tourists.’”

However, the press was overwrought by his misstatement and whizzed it around the world in seconds.

The rapidly spreading word-fire further discouraged recreational travel to North Waziristan.

The sudden decline surprised some observers, since the region is rumored to play host to the world’s most wanted murderous scamp, Osama Bin Laden.

The decline has also made it more difficult for visitors to the area from the CIA to pass themselves off as carefree travelers.

 

GM Hybrid Vehicle Undergoing Testing By Cleveland Regional Transit Authority

In a GM news announcement on February 10, 2006, the company announced the testing of a transit vehicle powered by General Motors’ hybrid technology, which will be used for Cleveland’s BRT (Bus Rapid Transit) automobile known as Silver Line.  According to the recent GM news release, testing is currently being conducted by The Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority.

The GM hybrid concept automobile is similar to the 21 automobiles that the Regional Transit Authority plans to purchase by the end of 2007.  The recent GM news announcement reveals that Cleveland’s reasoning behind the decision to purchase GM’s hybrid-powered vehicles is because they offer a more economic fuel consumption, along with cleaner emissions than that of conventional bus transportation.
The Silver Line is just one aspect of The Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority’s impending project, which hopes to better transit service by using more environmentally friendly automobiles, reducing traffic congestion, increasing pedestrian safety and supporting increased improvements along city avenues.  The project is geared toward providing shorter travel times for passengers, which will enable them to have better access to school, work, home, medical facilities and the city’s recreational activities.  The recent GM news announcement reveals the plan to have the Silver Line completely operational in 2008.
Public transportation buses, which are powered by GM’s hybrid technology are shown to be better for the environment, overall fuel consumption and customer’s wallets.  Being more cost-effective than rail transportation is just one of the reasons that many commuters are deciding to take the bus.  By combining GM’s hybrid technology, consumers will see reasonable rates and have the convenience of cleaner air.
“The General Motors hybrid diesel electric drive system for buses uses the most efficient parallel hybrid architecture available in the world today and is perfect for BRT initiatives,” said Tom Stephens, Group Vice President of GM Powertrain. In a recent GM news quote, Stephens added, “If the U.S. had only 1,000 GM hybrid powered buses operating in major cities, the cumulative savings would be more than 1.5 million gallons of fuel annually.” There are currently 380 GM hybrid technology buses operating in 29 cities throughout the United States and Canada.  During 2006, GM has scheduled deliver of 216 hybrid-powered buses to six American cities.
GM news is constantly surrounding the most innovative new designs, technology and creations that the company has to offer.  As the world moves ahead, hybrid transportation is expected to gain in popularity each year.  Among their many benefits, hybrid automobiles are especially practical to helping conserve fuel while maximizing air quality.

Chicken Rearing 101 – How Not to Raise Chickens

Chick: A hatchling

Capon: A castrated male used for meat. (How much could that yield?)

Pullet: A female chicken under one year old.

Hen: A female chicken over one year of age

Rooster: A male chicken over one year of age.

Raising Chickens for the first time can be intimidating. When I first called the Feed Shop, I was trying to sound like a pro. I asked, “Do you sell pullets?” “Yes”, the man replied. “Are they all females?” It’s been an uphill battle ever since.

Pullet parenthood is an much of an adventure as child rearing, only with more feces per pound of body weight. However, I’ve been reading quite a bit on poultry matters. (Yes, my coolness just turned over in its grave.) So if I am correct and I am quite certain I am not, here is how chicken rearin’ goes.

Go to your local feed store and purchase $10.00 worth of chicks and $50 worth of food and supplies. Don’t forget the water dispensers. Buying the metal ones, never plastic is always advised. I have yet to see a metal one.

Next, place the chicks somewhere sheltered, like a bedroom closet. Toss in some highly flammable straw or wood shavings and promptly dangle a glowing heat lamp just above them. Note to self: Update homeowner’s policy.

For the next several weeks feed them 3 lbs of food per day and remove 4 lbs of sh*t per day from the closet. Despite all logic the birds get bigger. As the adult feathers grow in be sure to clip one of their wings. That is one per bird, not just one wing total. If clipping is done late chicks will nest in your toilet. This is a bad thing.

Clipping can be accomplished by tossing your scissors and your body into the heaping mound of chicks, poop and straw. Grab a wiggling screeching bird from the bile pile. Restrain it with one hand. Stretch the wing out with your second hand. Clip off 50% of the wings outer ten feathers with your third hand.

As the birds grow adjust the heat light temperature down by one degree per day. No, this is not actually possible. That’s not my point. You start at 100 degrees for hatchlings then continue down by one degree per day until your bedroom is a minimum of 3 degrees cooler than the spring blizzard outside your window.

Once you have frozen your ear to your semi-cannibalistic down pillow and the chicks have grown their adult feathers, they can be moved outside to the coop. I estimate the initial closet rearing stage to have taken five years.

Before the move, experience the Joy of Wing Clipping one more time. Feather clipping never works the first time. No one knows why. Still, after all the hassle you probably don’t want them to fly the coop in under sixty seconds. Of course, if you’re like me, by this time you may be inclined to pack them each a lunch and leave a stack of Greyhound tickets by the open coop gate.

Regarding habitat construction: Hen houses and chicken coops are a competitive art form. There are a myriad of web sites showing off architectural designs from Chicken Chateaus to Bird Bordellos. The meticulous craftsmanship makes my own home look like – well – like a chicken coop.

Always fashionable, I went with a shabby chic motif for my coop. The nesting boxes are an eclectic mix of stolen milk crates affixed to the wall by anything in arms reach. As for the coop itself, there is a gift for tight chicken wire, which eludes me. Quite frankly, my first attempt at a coop looks like Dr. Seuss dropped a hit of acid, blasted some Jefferson Starship and rolled around on the wire with every Who in Whoville. I think I’ll keep it.

Inferior design aside, I ultimately learned a thing or two. The nesting boxes are supposed to be up off the ground. That is correct. For those of you keeping score you just spent two weeks cutting back the birds flight feathers only to hang their houses in the sky. It’s just sick.

Higher than the nest boxes, you are to build a roost. This is where the birds crap at night so they do not crap on your breakfast eggs. Of course the roost is usually OVER the nesting boxes, so whatever you do, don’t use those perforated plastic milk crates.

For young birds maintain a heat light in the hen house. Then on cooler nights an animal with a brain the size of an bulimic toe nail clipping will make the conscious decision to forgo your nest boxes, bypass the instinctual roost and leap into a tanning bed.

And finally there is the feed regime. I asked several experts and read up on feeding as well. Make sure to give your chickens, starter formula, mash, growth formula, start & grow, brood formula, grit, no grit, scraps, no scraps, goat placenta, nothing suggested on the internet, tetramyaicn, no antibiotics, medicated starter, non-medicated starter and never ever switch in-between.

I may not be Queen of the Coop yet, but I’m working on it. Though I am still a zoologist and I still know Birds 101. Here are two myths I can help with. First, you do not need a rooster to get eggs. Most folk, especially those who have never owned chickens, will advise you on chickens. Each will insist you need a rooster for a while to do his manly duties, then you can slip him in the pot. As appealing as this concept is, your pot is a separate issue.

Roosters are only needed to make fertile eggs. Hens are all that is needed to make breakfast eggs. Fertile eggs are just peachy if raising chicks was such a joy the first time you want to repeat the whole freakin’ process. In addition there is always the risk of breaking a fertilized egg open and finding a 50% formed chick fetus hitting your hot skillet. Yum! Years of therapy will follow.

To keep it straight in your mind consider this: You are going about your life. Suddenly massive balls of calcium start stacking up inside your abdomen. Are you going to hold on to them just because you have not had sex lately?

The second bird myth is totally unrelated so I thought I would mention it. Penguins occur in nature from the Equator on Southward. That is down to the Antarctica, not the Arctic! No, they do not hang out with Polar Bears who live in the Arctic. No, you did not see them when you worked in Alaska, in the Arctic. Those were puffins. No, I am not sorry you look stupid to all those folks you told penguin tales to.

Yes, some penguin species even reside on the Galapagos Islands at the equator (Cold weather would kill them), not floating around on icebergs – and not in the Arctic! Yes, I realize my eggs are not all in one basket. Delusional, close-minded people who insist you need a rooster to fertilize your penguin eggs so polar bears won’t loose their food supply drove me crazy!

 

Determining Cars Value

When shopping for cars, it is important to understand the cars value before deciding whether or not to make the purchase. One way to determine a cars value is through Kelly Blue Book (kbb.com) and their extensive pricing system. By entering select data about either new or used cars, consumers will receive instant value estimates. In order to get an accurate cars value, consumers must know the make and model of the automobile, current mileage, additional features and overall condition.

Selecting from a variety of different cars is what the purchasing process is all about. By having so many automobiles to choose from, shopping around is the best way to find the car that you want at a pricetag that you can afford. No matter whether new or used, a cars value should be a large deciding factor in the final purchase price. A knowledgeable customer will be informed about the cars value and will be able to make a good decision as to whether the sale price is fair or not.

When shopping for either new or used cars, consumers should always take a test drive and also request to take the automobile to a trusted mechanic for further inspection. Under no circumstances should a consumer accept the word of the individual, or company, selling the automobile. One of the best ways to determine the cars value is to have a trusted mechanic assess the condition of the automobile. In addition, this is the only real way to make sure that the automobile is in the condition as stated. The majority of cars are exactly as stated by the seller but, when auto safety and a large amount of money is involved, there is no room for error in judgment.

Some things to keep in mind is whether or not the purchase price includes a warranty. If not, the final loan amount may be higher than the cars value if the customer purchases a warranty and has it financed in with the loan. Many automobile dealers have the ability to do this, but is primarily for the purchase of a used car. The reason is because new automobiles are generally covered with an automatic warranty from the manufacturer, which is included in the purchase price.

Automobiles can be found at a variety of places, including a local dealership, the classifieds section of a local newspaper, the bulletin board at a local retail or grocery store, word of mouth or even online. In many instances, a licensed dealer can order cars from another automobile dealer. For example, if a customer wants a specific model and color of a car and knows which out-of-state dealer has that car for sale, they may request that a local dealer obtain the car so that they have the convenience of purchasing locally. This is not at all uncommon and is actually a standard practice among many dealerships offering both new and used cars. Before agreeing to this type of arrangement, customers should make sure they have assessed the cars value before signing on the dotted line.

 

Save Money by Buying the Right Auto Navigation System for Your Needs

With so many GPS (global positioning satellite) devices and auto navigation systems on the market today how on earth is someone supposed to choose the system that will be best for you? The answer to that question isn’t as difficult as you might think. It all lies in deciding what you will be using your GPS device to accomplish. You need to know where you will be using your device in order to use it properly. By this I mean will you be using your GPS system for driving, biking, hiking, boating, or ‘off-roading’?

Occasionally you will find that your goals and desires of your auto navigation system or GPS will require use in more than one of these instances, the good news is there’s a device for that too! Seriously, there is a device that is suitable for almost every possible need and use. If you plan to use your auto navigation system exclusively for driving your automobile, you should probably choose a system such as one of the following: Magellan RoadMate 2200T Portable Navigation System, Garmin StreetPilot c530 Automotive GPS, Tom Tom One, Tom Tom GO 910 Automotive GPS System, or Navman iCN 750 Vehicle Navigation with Camera. These systems each offer something unique to consumers while also delivering some of the same popular features that consumer’s love. Some of those features include turn-by-turn directions, landmark identification, important stops and destinations along your route, and popular restaurants along the way.

If you want something that is a little more versatile than your typical stand-alone navigation system or GPS then you might want to check out the many options afforded by the handheld GPS systems on the market today. Many of these will require an upgrade of some sort in order to be useful for turn-by-turn destination information but are excellent for those taking the fun off the beaten path and off road. For those who love adventure in the great outdoors the following handheld GPS systems offer an excellent choice for keeping you on track and in the know: Garmin eTrex Vista Cx Color Handheld GPS Unit, Magellan eXplorist 600, and Lowrance iFinder Hunt Color.

For those who currently own a laptop or PDA software and hardware add ons can turn your device into a GPS system. These offer a more affordable option to the stand-alone navigation system and are an attractive incentive to many potential consumers. You will also find the widest variety of features within this particular category. Most of these devices offer the hardware as well as the necessary mapping software as part of the package. This allows them to have relative portability while also offering the full features of the stand-alone navigation systems. Some of the laptop or Palm systems that you may wish to consider are the following: Garmin CF Que 1620 Compact Flash GPS, Tom Tom Navigator 6 Bluetooth, DeLorme Earthmate Blue Logger, and the Garmin Mobile 20 Smartphone GPS System.

These are by no means all inclusive of the many wonderful and exciting products that are available in today’s market for those interested in purchasing an auto navigation system. You should also keep in mind that new technologies emerge on a daily basis. With that in mind, prices on existing technologies are steadily decreasing, as prices on new items are often still quite high. It is very possible to get a great deal by shopping last year’s top of the line navigation toy and skipping the high-end navigation gadgets of the current year.

Another way to save money on navigational aids and devices is not to shop among the top of the line devices. Instead of shopping for those that are priced highest, elect devices within the middle of the price range. These devices generally offer the same excellent quality as the more expensive devices without the over inflated price tags. You should also remember not to pay extra for features that you won’t be using. Having an extra feature or two shouldn’t be a selling point if you won’t be using those features.

 

THE VOLLEY AND OVERHEAD SMASH.

The net attack is the heavy artillery of tennis. It is supposed to crush all defence. As such it must be regarded as a point-winning stroke at all times, no matter whether the shot is volley or smash.

Once at the net hit from the point at the first opportunity given to get the racquet squarely on the ball. All the laws of footwork explained for the drive are theoretically the same in volleying. In practice you seldom have time to change your feet to a set position, so you obviate trouble by throwing the weight on the foot nearest to the ball and pushing it in the shot.

Volleys are of two classes: (1) the low volley, made from below the waist; and (2) the high volley, from the waist to the head. In contradistinction to the hitting plane classification are the two styles known as (1) the deep volley and (2) the stop volley.

All low volleys are blocked. High volleys may be either blocked or hit. Volleys should never be stroked. There is no follow through on a low volley and very little on a high one.

You will hear much talk of “chop” volleys. A chop stroke is one where the racquet travels from above the line of flight of the ball, down and through it, and the angle made behind the racquet is greater than 45 degrees, and many approach 90 degrees. Therefore I say that no volleys should be chopped, for the tendency is to pop the ball up in the air off any chop. Slice volleys if you want to, or hit them flat, for both these shots are made at a very small angle to the flight-line of the ball, the racquet face travelling almost along its plane.

In all volleys, high or low, the wrist should be locked and absolutely stiff. It should always be below the racquet head, thus bracing the racquet against the impact of the ball. Allow the force of the incoming shot, plus your own weight, to return the ball, and do not strive to “wrist” it over. The tilted racquet face will give any required angle to the return by glancing the ball off the strings, so no wrist turn is needed.

Low volleys can never be hit hard, and owing to the height of the net should usually be sharply angled, to allow distance for the rise. Any ball met at a higher plane than the top of the net may be hit hard. The stroke should be crisp, snappy, and decisive, but it should stop as it meets the ball. The follow through should be very small. Most low volleys should be soft and short. Most high volleys require speed and length.

The “stop” volley is nothing more than a shot blocked short. There is no force used. The racquet simply meets the oncoming ball and stops it. The ball rebounds and falls of its own weight. There is little bounce to such a shot, and that may be reduced by allowing the racquet to slide slightly under the ball at the moment of impact, thus imparting back spin to the ball.

Volleying is a science based on the old geometric axiom that a straight line is the shortest distance between two points. I mean that a volleyer must always cover the straight passing shot since it is the shortest shot with which to pass him, and he must volley straight to his opening and not waste time trying freakish curving volleys that give the base-liner time to recover. It is Johnston’s great straight volley that makes him such a dangerous net man. He is always “punching” his volley straight and hard to the opening in his opponent’s court.

A net player must have ground strokes in order to attain the net position. Do not think that a service and volley will suffice against first-class tennis.

Strive to kill your volleys at once, but should your shot not win, follow the ball ‘cross and again cover the straight shot. Always force the man striving to pass you to play the hardest possible shot.

Attack with your volleys. Never defend the ball when at the net. The only defensive volley is one at your feet as you come in. It is a mid-court shot. Volleys should win with placement more than speed, although speed may be used on a high volley.

Closely related to the volley, yet in no way a volley stroke, is the overhead smash. It is the Big Bertha of tennis. It is the long range terror that should always score. The rules of footwork, position, and direction that govern the volley will suffice for the overhead. The swing alone is different. The swing should be closely allied to the slice service, the racquet and arm swinging freely from the shoulder, the wrist flexible and the racquet imparting a slight twist to the ball to hold it in court. The overhead is mainly a point winner through speed, since its bounce is so high that a slow placement often allows time for a recovery.

Do not leap in the air unnecessarily to hit overhead balls. Keep at least one foot, and when possible both feet, on the ground in smashing, as it aids in regulating the weight, and gives better balance. Hit flat and decisively to the point if desired.

Most missed overhead shots are due to the eye leaving the ball; but a second class of errors are due to lack of confidence that gives a cramped, half-hearted swing. Follow through your overhead shot to the limit of your swing.

The overhead is essentially a doubles shot, because in singles the chances of passing the net man are greater than lobbing over his head, while in doubles two men cover the net so easily that the best way to open the court is to lob one man back.

In smashing, the longest distance is the safest shot since it allows a greater margin of error. Therefore smash ‘cross court when pressed, but pull your short lobs either side as determined by the man you are playing.

Never drop a lob you can hit overhead, as it forces you back and gives the attacking position to your opponent. Never smash with a reverse twist, always hit with a straight racquet face and direct to the opening.

Closely connected to the overhead since it is the usual defence to any hard smash, is the lob.

A lob is a high toss of the ball landing between the service-line and the baseline. An excellent lob should be within 6 feet of the baseline.

Lobs are essentially defensive. The ideas in lobbing are: (1) to give yourself time to recover position when pulled out of court by your opponent’s shot; (2) to drive back the net man and break up his attack; (3) to tire your opponent; (4) occasionally to, win cleanly by placement. This is usually a lob volley from a close net rally, and is a slightly different stroke.

There is (1) the chop lob, a heavily under-cut spin that hangs in the air. This, is the best defensive lob, as it goes high and gives plenty of time to recover position. (2) The stroke lob or flat lob, hit with a slight top spin. This is the point-winning lob since it gives no time to, the player to run around it, as it is lower and faster than the chop. In making this lob, start your swing like a drive, but allow the racquet to slow up and the face to tilt upward just as you meet the ball. This, shot should seldom go above 10 feet in the air, since it tends to go out with the float of the ball.

The chop lob, which is a decided under cut, should rise from 20 to 30 feet, or more, high and must go deep. It is better to lob out and run your opponent back, thus tiring him, than to lob short and give him confidence by an easy kill. The value of a lob is mainly one of upsetting your opponent, and its effects are very apparent if you unexpectedly bring off one at the crucial period of a match.